It’s a system that works incredibly well, and it can bring in front a very good set of results in the long run. Fan coil units (FCU’s) are small single units that condition air and move it to the space via minimal ductwork. They can be used to manage small loads [KW], usually located in single rooms, recirculating the air. A straight swap, AC to DC, will reduce electrical consumption by 50% but applying Demand and Occupancy dependent fan speed control can take the savings to as much as 80%. In areas of the world where there are legally enforceable energy efficiency requirements for Fan Coils (such as the UK), DC Fan Coil Units are rapidly becoming the only choice.
Among them, the ceiling-type air handling unit is also called a hanging cabinet; the combined air handling unit is also called a combined air cabinet. When designing a new industrial space or retrofitting an existing one, engineers must consider numerous factors specific to the facility. In many cases, it is difficult to anticipate what operational and design needs a space may have in the future. This is difference between fcu and ahu especially true when considering smaller details like air handling units and fan coil units. These two systems are common pieces of HVAC equipment found in almost any industrial or commercial building. They both serve similar purposes; however, there are some significant differences between an AHU and a FCU that designers must take into account before making final decisions about the design of the space.
What ASHRAE says about air handling units and fan coil units
If your building requires service, maintenance, and/or repair, contact Henick-Lane Service Corp. today. Air handling units, by contrast, are complex, typically bigger, and have several components. They are usually part of a central air system and connected to ductwork to distribute air. A fan coil unit (FCU) is a standalone system that circulates the existing air in a small space, but it can also be a part of an HVAC system. In high-rise buildings, fan coils may be vertically stacked, located one above the other from floor to floor and all interconnected by the same piping loop. The very basic feature of this unit is to refine or, more precisely, recycle the inside air.
In addition, an inefficient HVAC system can also fall into disrepair, which will cause maintenance issues and escalate your building lifecycle costs. Fan Coil Unit covers a range of products and will mean different things to users, specifiers, and installers in different countries and regions, particularly in relation to product size and output capability. Our Website main goal is to share great knowledge so you will be able to access to various topics, all organized into a range of categories.
What is the difference between a fan coil unit (FCU) and an air handling unit (AHU)?
While they are often used in conjunction with air handling units, FCUs have the capacity to deliver large volumes of air without the need for ductwork. The most significant difference between air handling units and fan coil units is the method of air delivery. While air handling units use ductwork to distribute air throughout a building, an FCU uses direct air delivery. The air handling unit with the fresh air function also performs heat and humidity treatment and filtering functions on the air including fresh air or return air. At present, air handling units mainly have several forms such as ceiling type, vertical type, horizontal type and combined type.
What type of fan is AHU?
The conventional option for AHU fans is the alternating current (AC) belt-driven centrifugal blower, which is a large fan system made up of the AC motor, impeller, belt and (AC) plug fan that requires variable frequency drive (VFD) for speed control.
It is very big in size and has the shape of a box, which are called modules. The main purpose of an air handling unit is, as the name indicates, to move air through the system and ductwork. If the AHU has an internal heat exchanger, it’s a heating system. Fan coil units offer many benefits over other types of terminal units. They are relatively inexpensive, easy to install, and require minimal maintenance. Additionally, fan coil units are highly versatile and can be used in a variety of applications.
Examples of air handling units
For those who are already familiar with these terms and know why they’re important when it comes to designing a new space or retrofitting an existing one, continue reading for a brief summary of AHUs vs FCUs. If you’d like to learn more about either system in greater detail, simply continue reading for detailed explanations of the pros and cons of each type of equipment. Both fan coil units and air handling units are common end products of air-conditioning water machines. FCUs are a type of HVAC equipment that is used to condition the air in buildings. The fan blows air over the coils, which cools or heats the air depending on the setting. The controller regulates the fan speed and coil temperature to maintain the desired indoor temperature.
- It refers to filter screens that meet the HEPA standard, with an efficiency of 99.998% for 0.1 microns and 0.3 microns.
- However, the differences between air handling units and fan coil units are much more nuanced in practice – and there are basic uses for each unit that will make an engineer choose one versus the other.
- To enable local control, a simple speed selector switch (Off-High-Medium-Low) is provided for the occupants of the room.
If your FCU is more than 10 years old, it may be time to consider replacing it. Additionally, if your FCU is not working properly or is not efficient, replacement may be the best option. It is common to get confused between the two terms sometimes, but as it seems, they are way too different from each other and can be easily distinguished.
What does a fan coil do?
A fan coil and an air handler both move air, although they function differently. Simpler systems, often consisting of just a coil and a fan, are fan coil units. However, occasionally, an FCU might be found in a small hallway to recirculate air instead of having ductwork there. If you’re familiar with air handling units (AHUs), you might wonder how fan coil units (FCUs) are different from them. A fan coil unit (FCU) moves air over a coil that is either a cooling or heating element, much like an air handler does.
Does FCU provide fresh air?
Each FCU is provided with a small supply of outside air to ensure adequate ventilation. High level of flexibility in terms of subdivision and rearrangement of space.
These are the best air conditioning units because they can handle a lot of air. The ones that don’t recirculate the indoor air are called makeup air units. You will find Air Handling Units on rooftops, although most of them are on the side of buildings too. These are some of the most popular types of air conditioning units, and that’s the most important aspect you
need to take into consideration. Fan coil units linked to ducted split air conditioning units use refrigerant in the cooling coil instead of chilled coolant and linked to a large condenser unit instead of a chiller. They might also be linked to liquid-cooled condenser units which use an intermediate coolant to cool the condenser using cooling towers.
How do I know if I have a heat pump or forced air?
In comparison to air handling units, the noise that FCUs create is very high, but when we compare them to normal air conditioning systems, it is regarded as an acceptable decibel. Smaller fan coil units are sometimes called terminal units because they can be seen as little air handling units for single rooms. These units can be either mounted on the ceiling of a room or on the floor.
- See our FREE guide about UFAD to understand how to provide an HVAC system that lowers building OPEX.
- If your FCU is more than 10 years old, it may be time to consider replacing it.
- The latter usually does not have any duct system that’s why it is obviously smaller in size as previously mentioned.
- The ones that don’t recirculate the indoor air are called makeup air units.
- The simplest means to drain the condensate from multiple fan coil units will be by a network of pipework laid to falls to a suitable point.
What is another name for AHU?
An AHU designed for outdoor use, typically on roofs, is also known as a rooftop unit (RTU).